Why the US-trained Afghan National Army have been defeated with ease by the Taliban

The Taliban now management two-thirds of Afghanistan, together with half of its provincial capitals.
Consultants say that Afghan forces have ample coaching and gear, however typically lack the desire to combat.
Demoralized Afghan troopers typically abandon posts to defend their households quite than the federal government.

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Since US-led forces started their withdrawal from Afghanistan, The Taliban have gained floor at an astonishing tempo.

The insurgents have seized half of the nation’s 34 provincial capitals, together with it is second and third-largest cities, and now management two-thirds of all the nation.

Taliban fighters at the moment are getting into the capital metropolis Kabul, reviews say.

—AFP Information Company (@AFP) August 11, 2021U.S. officers beforehand mentioned they did not count on any provincial capital to be seized till fall on the earliest, in response to The Wall Avenue Journal.

The Afghan forces ought to have the higher hand in numbers, funding and arms. So how have the Taliban gained floor so rapidly in Afghanistan?

Since its invasion in 2001, the US has invested virtually $83 billion on coaching and arming Afghanistan’s protection forces, in response to International Coverage.

“We supplied our Afghan companions with all of the instruments – let me emphasize: all of the instruments,” US President Joe Biden mentioned whereas defending the choice to withdraw American forces.

Consultants instructed the journal that the issue lies not within the coaching or gear supplied to Afghanistan, however in native mismanagement, corruption, and demoralized troopers who typically lack the desire to combat.

Sources mentioned that Afghan police haven’t been paid for months by the Ministry of Inside and that the identical is true for the Ministry of Protection, International Coverage reported.

They added that Afghan forces are sometimes not equipped with ample arms, and even meals or water.

An Afghan Nationwide Military soldier stands watch at Bagram after the departure of US forces

Haroon Sabawoon/Anadolu Company through Getty Photos

Many troopers and police are additionally posted to areas removed from their houses, to which they haven’t any connection, and a few select to desert their posts and return residence to defend their households, the journal mentioned.

There may be additionally a widespread lack of religion within the authorities, with officers throughout the nation stating they won’t combat to defend President Ashraf Ghani’s authorities. 

“The problem of legitimacy is essential,” mentioned Enayat Najafizada, founding father of Kabul-based suppose tank the Institute of Struggle and Peace Research, instructed International Coverage. 

He mentioned the 2020 presidential election that returned Ghani for a second time period was seen as corrupt, which has been capitalized on by the Taliban.

That truth mixed with corrupt officers pilfering funds has led to widespread mistrust of the federal government.

Residents in Herat and Kandahar instructed Al Jazeera that they had been shocked at how rapidly their cities fell and mentioned authorities forces didn’t put up a combat.

Whereas official information state that the Afghan safety forces quantity over 300,000, the BBC reported that the true quantity is more likely to be decrease.

Afghan forces have a troublesome historical past of excessive casualties and desertions, in response to the outlet, and corrupt officers typically declare salaries of non-existent troops, known as “ghost troopers.”

Comparatively, the US Combating Terrorism Middle at West Level, estimates that the Taliban have 60,000 core fighters, with extra militia teams and supporters that would swell that quantity to 200,000.

Afghan forces are overstretched, and reviews say the Taliban have been taking pictures down air drive planes and assassinating pilots, who typically have years of coaching and are troublesome to exchange.

Though decrease in numbers, the Taliban has gained momentum after a sequence of successes. 

The Taliban have additionally been seizing weapon caches from Afghan forces, which are sometimes Western equipped.

Though US forces left with their “subtle” gear, the Taliban offensive has allowed the group to grab “automobiles, humvees, small arms, and light-weight weapons, in addition to ammunition”, Justine Fleischner of weapons-tracking group Battle Armament Analysis, instructed AFP.

On Saturday, Afghanistan president Ashraf Ghani lastly acknowledged the Taliban’s good points in a televised deal with.

“Remobilising the safety and protection drive is our prime precedence and required measures are underway for this objective,” Ghani mentioned. “My focus is to forestall additional instability, violence, and displacement of my individuals.”

On Friday workers on the US embassy in Kabul had been instructed Friday to destroy delicate materials in case the Taliban seized the capital, as Insider reported.

America additionally introduced it could ship 3,000 troops to evacuate personnel from its embassy in Kabul, and the UK has despatched 600 troops.

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