The Taliban’s victory in Afghanistan, quickly after the withdrawal of the US and NATO forces, may bolster different Islamist terror teams like ISIS in Mozambique. That is in response to Hameed Hakimi, an Afghan nationwide and Analysis Affiliate at Ruhr-College Bochum, Germany. Hakimi says he has household in Kabul who haven’t been in a position to go away their house because the Taliban took over. Afghans with any ties to the US are being shot and girls’s actions are utterly restricted. Hakimi calls on Western powers to impose sanctions on the Taliban authorities earlier than it’s too late. “I feel the worldwide group ought to actually shortly reply to this problem as a result of the longer it takes, the harder it will be to deal with,” he says. “The Taliban are way more harmful than they had been twenty years in the past as a result of now they’ve entry to excessive expertise and new weapons from the US. It’s not solely an issue for Afghanistan – now it’s a world menace.” – Linda van Tilburg
Hameed Hakimi on the present state of affairs in Afghanistan:
The humanitarian state of affairs was in its worst kind even earlier than the Taliban’s takeover of Afghanistan. There have been hundreds of people that fled from north Afghanistan, from the south, and all of the elements had been occupied by displaced households and people. So this disaster was already there and now that the US has left and the president, Ashraf Ghani, escaped from Afghanistan… Nobody can outline… it’s horrible. It’s a whole catastrophe now. And with the people who find themselves attempting to flee, they’re largely [people who] have labored with the federal government and so they had been like employed by worldwide organisations. They’d labored with the US forces, and their lives are in full hazard. I’ve contacts in Kabul as a result of my household is in Kabul and I speak to them usually, like each two hours, and a whole lot of my relations say [the] Taliban have began door-to-door searching and they’re like catching, attempting to seek for individuals who have labored with the US and so they have killed so many individuals. Simply the day earlier than yesterday, they killed 4 individuals – I feel they had been within the intelligence, like with the federal government, and so they had been killed by the Taliban. So it’s occurring.
On how the Taliban’s assurances are to not be trusted:
That may by no means be trusted. I imply, on the primary day, they stated amnesty for everybody, we don’t care, nobody ought to fear – we now have forgiven everybody. However now, they don’t seem to be permitting girls to go outdoors. I do know some ladies, they had been journalists and so they had been working with the Afghan Nationwide Tv and so they weren’t allowed to attend their jobs. So what the Taliban stated can by no means be trusted as a result of even the Taliban has totally different teams and they’re influenced by totally different, you realize, international locations. They don’t have a novel or unified view of how they are going to be coping with the individuals. So I don’t assume they are often trusted.
On the Taliban’s harsh interpretation of Sharia regulation:
They’ve a very totally different interpretation of Sharia regulation, like what they are saying – it’s utterly towards Sharia regulation. Sharia regulation has outlined rights for girls, for kids, for women, for males, for everybody. Like everybody has the proper to teach themselves. They’ve the proper to, like, do what they need. However the best way they interpret Sharia regulation, it’s utterly false. What they’re doing, it’s not Sharia regulation. It’s one thing they’ve outlined for themselves.
On what the Taliban is admittedly doing:
They’re making false guarantees that they don’t should do something with the individuals, however I feel their principal intention was to stabilise themselves, you realize, get settled within the authorities after which, like, reorganise themselves. Then, as soon as the whole lot is calm, they’ll begin their atrocities and oppressing individuals. Individuals have the expertise of residing below Taliban’s authorities and so they understand how the Taliban are. For them, I consider it was simply to get the state of affairs calm and so they stabilised themselves after which [they can] do what they’re good at.
On whether or not issues would be the identical as they had been 20 years in the past:
I imply, the Taliban are the identical Taliban, their ideology has not modified; their behaviour has not modified. They had been combating for a similar perception for his or her ideology and their ideology is identical. I imply, in the event that they had been to vary, why would they proceed combating? Our authorities has been attempting to get them to the negotiation desk for the previous 5 or 6 years and each time they misuse the alternatives. When there’s a ceasefire, initially, they don’t comply with a ceasefire. Once they do, it’s for their very own profit. They reorganise themselves. They remobilise their assets and replant the whole lot after which go along with full power and energy. So that they have by no means believed in peace and so they have by no means tried to make peace with the federal government.
On whether or not this could spur on teams affiliated to ISIS:
Yeah, it undoubtedly has. The Taliban are way more harmful than they had been twenty years in the past as a result of now they’ve entry to excessive expertise and new weapons from the US. I imply, once they had been taking management of various provinces, they had been taking all of the weapons. There have been depots of weapons and the whole lot, in order that they have entry to way more harmful weapons and so they need to have these helicopters and jets. So I can see it’s not solely an issue for Afghanistan, however now it’s a world menace.
On the international locations supporting the Taliban:
Their principal supply of earnings is from the medication within the west of Afghanistan and so they have sturdy relations with Pakistan, with Pakistan intelligence. They’ve at all times been supported by the Pakistan authorities. [There are] coaching centres and recruitment centres in Pakistan, like there are greater than 10 centres. So the ISI from Pakistan, they practice these Taliban, they recruit new individuals based mostly on their ideology. And so with out the help of Pakistan, I imply, additionally like Iran on the opposite aspect, like Russia, all these international locations have been supporting Taliban for greater than a decade now.
On individuals attempting to get out of Afghanistan:
Previously yr, individuals are hopeless and so they see the state of affairs will not be enhancing anyway so yeah, those that may flee Afghanistan have already fled. Previously, we might have this border open with Pakistan, additionally prefer to Tajikistan or Uzbekistan, however now all of the borders have been closed and Pakistan will not be taking any extra refugees. Additionally the identical with Tajikistan, they are saying ‘we are going to settle for 100,000 refugees’, however I don’t assume that’s occurring as a result of now individuals are stranded in Kabul. All the encompassing provinces are managed by Taliban and so they can not get out. You see the airport these days? The state of affairs is chaotic and it’s a catastrophe. All of the individuals, they solely have the choice to fly to different international locations as a result of they can not go by highway now.
On issues for his household in Kabul:
The previous week has been probably the most tough time of my life, and I’ve been utterly shocked and shattered. I can not concentrate on something prior to now week since this occurred.
Because the Taliban took over, my household can not exit, so they’re at house on a regular basis and they’re simply actually scared and so they fear about our future. Like, what’s going to occur to them?
On how Western powers ought to reply:
From the west, what I anticipate is, they need to not cooperate with the Taliban regime till they’ve agreed to kind a coalition authorities and so they quit on their insurance policies and the form of regulation that they will impose on individuals like Sharia regulation – for the time being, individuals don’t need that. So I feel Western international locations just like the US or the European international locations can sanction Taliban for a interval and see how they react to these sanctions and if they’re prepared to, you realize, negotiate with different ethnicities, different events, and in the event that they kind a coalition authorities and if they comply with the worldwide requirements of human rights and girls’s rights, additionally like youngster and ladies’ rights, the whole lot.
We are able to additionally profit from the state of affairs, you realize, by way of these 20 years, we now have been affected by this struggle and if the Taliban joined the federal government, so if they’ll share the ability, however with the worldwide requirements, it’s a superb alternative. However now I see the Taliban gaining extra alternatives as a result of China on the opposite aspect, they’ve stepped up and they’re supporting the Taliban authorities. So that may be a very, actually critical problem for the individuals of Afghanistan. And likewise, in the event that they hold going with China, then it’s a menace for the Western world as effectively.
We now have many, many pure assets; we now have totally different mines, and from what I perceive, China is extra involved in these mines to extract lithium and copper. So for them, it’s simply a possibility to seize. I feel the worldwide group ought to actually shortly reply to this problem as a result of the longer it takes, the harder it will be to deal with. So with the Taliban, the one factor I feel they’ll do [is if] they enhance their sanctions and if they’ll put stress on China as an entire to allow them to be stopped. Individuals on the bottom, they see [that] now that the Taliban have taken the federal government, they don’t know what to do with this authorities, like they’ve misplaced their methods. The Taliban leaders, they’ve been combating, combating – they don’t have another abilities. So for them, they can not go forward in the event that they don’t obtain help from neighbouring international locations.
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